PART 11 – WEBSITES

This Part lists websites not included in other Parts of this Bibliography. Researchers need to remain aware that the currency of such sources can change, and even disappear.

GENERAL

Anonymous – Royal Australian Regiment

Wikipedia entry

For a general overview of the RAR, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Australian_Regiment

APPVA – Operations

Australian Peacekeepers and Peacemakers Veterans Association

Provides an executive summary of every United Nations mission since 1948 to involve Australians. The great majority have included either RAR units, or individuals serving as observers. See https://peacekeepers.asn.au/operations/

Australia and the United Nations (General)

Wikipedia

A useful start point to see, according to the collective wisdom of this source, the very big range of UN missions in which Australians have taken part. These include war fighting deployments, such as Korea, and peacekeeping and peacemaking where definitions of the nature of involvement vary. Many have involved either RAR units, sub-units of individuals. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia_and_the_United_Nations

Australian military involvement in peacekeeping

Wikipedia

A general site summarising Australian peacekeeping deployment, many involving RAR units and individuals. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_military_involvement_in_peacekeeping

Australia’s peacekeeping missions since 1947

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

A general site outlining DVA’s version of peacekeeping deployments.  Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/peacekeeping

Army National

Offical Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/corps/royal-australian-infantry-corps

Official School of Infantry Facebook

https://www.facebook.com/schoolofinfantry/

Army Newspaper

Published by the Department of Defence, Army is a fortnightly publication that almost invariably includes RAR units and/or individuals. Now also available through downloadable Applications for use on mobile phones and tablets and equivalent devices. See https://www.army.gov.au/our-work/publications/army-news-the-soldiers-newspaper . Back copies can be procured.

Australian Army – Centre for Army Lessons (CAL)

The Army Lessons Board provides for a way to improve training by enabling serving ADF personnel to access and offer advice and contributions towards continually improving performance through the Centre for Army Lessons (CAL). See [email protected] . Directly applicable to and focussed on RAR members, from whom much of the material actually comes, especially on recent operational experience and lessons learned. This is currently limited to people with access to the Defence Restricted Network, however, researchers are advised to monitor the Army website for future possible expansion to enable Unclassified access to some content.

Australian Army – The Cove

The Cove is a professional development resource for the Australian Profession of Arms, introduced in 2017.  It is designed to help military professionals sharpen their skills, connect with peers and allies, and develop new concepts and ideas for consideration. It is also available to the entire community (see conditions on line) including retired/ex-soldiers. Contains a wealth of ever-expanding reading and other data sources including doctrine, and invites contributions.

https://www.cove.org.au/

Australian Government – Defence Honours and Awards Appeals

Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal, Canberra, ongoing

This website contains Reports of appeals and applications for honours and awards by both individuals and groups. Many are/were RAR personnel. Go to  https://defence-honours-tribunal.gov.au/review/ and examine each year listed. Unfortunately, these records only go back to 2014. Earlier papers are available by application to the DHAAT on this same website under ‘Contact us’.

Australian War Memorial – Military Honours and Awards to Australians

See all such awards made to Australians for military service at https://www.awm.gov.au/research/guide/honours

Includes RAR members.

National RAR Association

Official website is located at https://rarnational.org.au/

Official Facebook is located at https://www.facebook.com/RARCorporation/

Official YouTube is located at https://www.youtube.com/user/RARAssn

Offical Twitter is located at https://twitter.com/RARAssn

Duty First Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/426271894141125/

Queensland Association

Home page at https://rarqld.org.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/544664569044558/

Dads Army Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/Dads-Army-RAR-National-Memorial-Walk-560782590713867/

New South Wales Association

Home page at https://rarnational.org.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1308555809161945

Australian Capital Territory Association

Home page at http://act.rarnational.org.au/

Victorian Association

Home page at https://vic.rarnational.org.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/623213684701702/

Tasmanian Association

Home page at https://vic.rarnational.org.au/

South Australian Association

Home page at http://rarasa.org.au/

Northern Territory Association

Home page at https://rarqld.org.au/

West Australian Association

Home page at https://wa.rarnational.org.au/

1 RAR

Official Army website at

https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/3rd-brigade/1st-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

 

1 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.1rar.org.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/1rarassociation/ 

2 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/3rd-brigade/2nd-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

2 RAR Association

Home page at http://2rar-association.net.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/2RAR-Association-Inc-1183231068415223/

2 RAR Historical Collection (The)

This unit site is an ongoing work in the hands of Museum Curator Jason Harrison (WO2 Retd) and is available at https://www.thecollectingbug.com/2rarmuseum/explore?5

3 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/3rd-brigade/3rd-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

  

3 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.3rar.com.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/3RARAssoc/

4 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.4rarassociationsaustralia.com/

5 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/1st-brigade/5th-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

5 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.5rar.asn.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/5RAR-Association-105565202864522/

Soldiers Facebook group at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1647988765430784/

6 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/7th-brigade/6th-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

6 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.6rarassociation.com/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1664818027163193/

6 RAR history

6 RAR Association editor

The 6 RAR Association provides on on-line history of the battalion at http://6rarassociation.com/bnhistory.htm

7 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/1st-brigade/7th-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

Offical Army Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/111391535550421/

7 RAR Association

Home page at http://7rar.asn.au/wp/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/111391535550421/

8 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.8rarassociation.org/8rarassoc/

9 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.9rar.org.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/9-RAR-1471928459716062/

2/4 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.24rarassociation.com/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/30196848678/

8/9 RAR

Official Army website at https://www.army.gov.au/our-people/units/forces-command/7th-brigade/8th9th-battalion-royal-australian-regiment

 

8/9 RAR Association

Home page at http://www.89rar.asn.au/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/89RARAssn/

5/7 RAR Association

Home page at https://57rar.com/

Association Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/9838309174/

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL – South East Asian Conflicts Diaries – AWM95, Class 7

Commanders’ diaries were prepared by officers commanding headquarters, units, and detachments serving in Malaya and Singapore, Sarawak-Brunei-Sabah, and South Vietnam, as a record of operational activity during service abroad. The aim of the diary was to provide data on which to base future improvements in army training, equipment, organisation, and administration, and to provide future historians with a record of activities of units and formations in operational periods.

 

Includes 2 Battalion Royal Australian Regiment/New Zealand

Includes 4 Battalion Royal Australian Regiment/New Zealand

Includes 6 Battalion Royal Australian Regiment/New Zealand

 

< http://www.awm.gov.au/diaries/seasia/index.asp >

Contact Virtual War Memorial

 An initiative of the RSL – South Australia, this website is a virtual war memorial. Examination of the home page at https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au/ enables the researcher to locate and explore any war involving Australians, including every conflict including the RAR. Interactive, allowing Australians to get involved and capture important stories and images that might not otherwise get recorded in material museums where storage space can be limited and staff finite in their capacity.

COSGROVE, Peter – General Cosgrove: A very ordinary conversation

Harper Collins Publishers, Pymble NSW, 2010

ABN:36009013517

Boyer lectures; 109 pages.

A collection of six lectures that provide an insight into the mind of the (then) future Governor-General of Australia, himself a former member of the RAR. Located at https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/boyerlectures/series/boyer-lectures-2009-a-very-australian-conversation/3090460

Defence Honours and Awards: List of awards (A – Z)

Lists all medals awards made by the Australian Government to naval and military personnel (and in some cases) to their relatives. RAR personnel with awards of medals will find this a good start point to further detail on such awards.

See https://www.defence.gov.au/medals/List.asp

JAPAN AND KOREA 1946-53

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Japan

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s service (as 65th Bn AIF) in Japan. See https://www.1rar.org.au/japan/

 

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Korea 1952-1953

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s first tour of duty in Korea during those years, including descriptions of major operations. See https://www.1rar.org.au/korea-1952-1953/

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Korea 1954-1956

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s second tour of duty in Korea during those years, including descriptions of major operations. See https://www.1rar.org.au/korea-1954-1956/

Alliance of Defence Service Organisation: Korean War: Julie Bishop n renewed push to find 43 Australian Servicemen still missing in action

Provides basic information on 23 RAR members still MIA from Korea

http://adso.org.au/latestnews/69-what-they-say/government/656-korean-war-julie-bishop-in-renewed-push-to-find-43-australian-servicemen-still-missing-in-action

Australian Army – 1946-1953 – Post-war and Korea

Australian Army History Unit site’s official (and very basic) overview of this period during which 1, 2 and 3 RAR were formed and served in Japan and Korea. See https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/primary-materials/1946-1953-post-war-and-korea

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL – Korean War Diaries – AWM85

While on active service, Army headquarters, formations and units are required to keep a unit war diary recording their daily activities. Archival series AWM85 comprises the diaries of 28 British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions, The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR), and some miscellaneous support units, created during their involvement in the Korean War

Australian War Memorial – Out in the cold: Australia’s involvement in the Korean War

Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 2017

Focuses on the Battle of Kapyong, 23-24 April 1951 which involved 3 RAR. See https://www.awm.gov.au/visit/exhibitions/korea/operations/kapyong

Department of Veterans Affairs – Battle of the Hook – first and second battalions Royal Australian Regiment

Summary of the battle, the brunt of the enemy attack 24-26 July 1953 taken by 2 RAR, is provided at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/history/conflicts/korean-war/events/stalemate-war-19521953/battle-hook-first-and-second-battalions . Also known as the Battle of Samichon.

Korean War 1950 to 1953

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

DVA overview of Army operations in the Korean war which involved 1, 2 and 3 RAR. Researchers need to burrow down in this site to locate actual mention of RAR units. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/korean-war-1950-1953

The Korean War

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

See https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/history/conflicts/korean-war

SOUTH EAST ASIA 1950-current

(includes Malaya, Borneo, Singapore & Malaysia)

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Malaya

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s tour of duty in Malaya 1959-61. See https://www.1rar.org.au/malaya-1959-1961/

Army Operations (in Malaya 1948-60)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

DVA overview of Army operations in the Malayan Emergency 1948-60 which involved 1, 2 and 3 RAR. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/malayan-emergency-1948-1960/australians-operations/army-operations

Australian operations in Borneo

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

DVA overview of 3 and 4 RAR’s deployments in Borneo 1964-66. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/indonesian-confrontation-1963-1966/australian-operations-borneo

Australian Army – 1954 to 1961 – South East Asian conflicts

Australian Army History Unit site official (and extremely limited) overview of this period during which 1 ,2, 3 and 4 RAR served in Malaya, Borneo and Malaysia. See https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/primary-materials/1954-1961-south-east-asian-conflicts

Australian Government – Inquiry into recognition for service for Australian military personnel who served with 4th battalion, Royal Australian Regiment in Malaysia in 1966 to 1967

Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal, Canberra, 2009

The Inquiry addresses a claim by 4 RAR personnel for higher medallic recognition for service in Malaysia form May 1967 to September 1967. See https://defence-honours-tribunal.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/4-RAR-Malaysia-1966-67-Inquiry-Report.pdf

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Australian involvement in South East Asian Conflicts

See https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/history/conflicts/australian-involvement-south-east-asian-conflicts

NATIONAL MALAYA AND NORTH BORNEO VETERANS ASSOCIATION AUSTRALIA Inc

Home page at http://www.nmbvaa.org.au/ enables the researcher to access a wide range of information including national and branch publications imporatn to the RAR and its members. This includes http://www.nmbvaa.org.au/rcb.php , a summary of the little-published Rifle Company Butterworth tours of duty which, during the Communist Insurgency/Second Malaysian Emergency of 17 Jun 68 to 2 Dec 89 were filled overwhelmingly by RAR rifle companies from 1 Nov on. RCBs are still rotating through Butterworth to this day, now solely with a training mission.

VIETNAM 1962-75

 

1RAR The First Battalion Association – 1968

Authors and date of creation unknown

 A short history of the Battle for Fire Support Base Coral in 1968. Probable compilation by veterans of the battle, or Association historians. Includes photographs, a roll of honour, and e-links to the Australian War Memorial war diaries from 1 RAR for the period. Found at https://www.1rar.org.au/fsb-coral/

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Vietnam 1965-1966

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s first tour of duty in Vietnam when was placed under command of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade. See  https://www.1rar.org.au/vietnam-1965-66/

 

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Vietnam 1968-1969

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s second tour of duty in Vietnam, this time as part of 1st Australian Task Force. 1967 in Australia is also covered. See https://www.1rar.org.au/vietnam-1968-1969/

173rd Airborne Brigade Association – 173rd Airborne Brigade Association

This homepage opens the door for researchers to access the 173 Airborne Brigade Memorial Dedication memorial located at Fort Benning Georgia, which includes names of 1 RAR group members killed in action in 1965-66 In Vietnam. See https://skysoldier.net/http/www.173dairbornememorial.org/the-memorial

2 RAR compilation: What have you done for Australia

https://vimeo.com/163979892

Australian Army – 1962 to 1972 – Vietnam

Australian Army History Unit site’s official (and very limited) overview of this period during which all nine of the RAR battalions served in the Vietnam War, most twice. See   https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/primary-materials/1962-1972-vietnam

ABC – All the Way: Australia and America in Vietnam

ABC, Sydney, 2012

DVD in Colour, 57 mins, presented by Peter Ham. How Australia discovered that its biggest battle in the war was with its best friend, the USA. Features most of the RAR in images, including 1 RAR on the cover.

Anonymous – 6 RAR in Vietnam in action February 1967 – Vietnam War

Visual history of 6RAR in action. See https://l.facebook.com/l.php?u=https%3A%2F%2Fyoutu.be%2FjD8Iz6yQnZs&h=7AQGHyutS

Anonymous – Vietnam – 50 years later, our greatest generation

A tribute to the US and allied troops who served in Vietnam, narrated by Sam Elliott.

4mins 48 secs duration, date unknown.

The Americans have a way of ensuring history is kept. The scars of Vietnam remain until today for both sides including many Australian RAR members also. This American work reflects the general accurate sentiment regarding the war. Unappreciated by the American public, betrayed by the American government’s corrupt politicians, American (and Australian) soldiers never lost a battle. Much of it can be related to by Australians who fought alongside the US forces. RAR members can be seen in this video at https://www.youtube.com/embed/aVeBtnfAxP8

Anonymous – Vietnam photographs

Images of Australian diggers in Vietnam, mainly taken in the Nui Dat Base and at Vung Tau. There are many good aerial shots of Nui Dat base with its Luscombe Airfield… There are many images at this site & some are automatically linked to others. Start at:

https://www.google.com.au/search?q=christmas+at+nui+dat&biw=1024&bih=483&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=SNSZUpuvM86HiQeVqoHICA&ved=0CC8QsAQ#imgdii=

Alliance of Defence Service Organisations – Jim Bourke: Life Mission Accomplished

Basic information about Bourke’s successful quest to locate and eventually get the remains of all six of the Missing in Action from Vietnam located and brought home.

http://adso.org.au/latestnews/654-jim-bourke-life-mission-accomplished

 A USA source of Vietnam War books

http://www.vnwarbooks.com

Includes references to RAR units.

Australian tanks at the battles of Coral and Balmoral

Australian Army

A general overview of these battles which included 1RAR and 3 RAR is at  https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/history-focus/australian-tanks-battles-coral-and-balmoral

Australian Vietnam Veterans Mortality Listing

http://www.amvif.info/

A source of data on casualties.

Australia’s Vietnam War

https://vietnam.unsw.adfa.edu.au/The website was created by the Military Operations Analysis Team (MOAT) at the University of New South Wales (Canberra) aka ADFA. It provides a unique way of exploring the Vietnam War in great detail, through the use of an interactive Battle Map. Visitors to this site may register for an account and contribute personal stories, photos and videos against combat events on the Battle Map. This site is stated to contain data on almost every Australian contact with the enemy during the Vietnam War. Interactive site which can receive veteran input.

Australia’s Vietnam War

DVA, Canberra, 2017

Department of Foreign Affairs website that includes 30 new videos of Australians in the Vietnam War, the impact on their families and Australian society, forming an important part of Australia’s experience at the time, and since. See: https://www.dva.gov.au/commemorations-memorials-and-war-graves/office-australian-war-graves/current-projects/vietnam

CHAMBERLAIN, Ernie – Vietnam War: D445 Their Story

Coverage on one of the prime enemy unitr up against the RARs in Vietnam. See http://www.scribd.com/doc/62621973/The-Viet-Cong-D445-Battalion-Their-Story

CHAMBERLAIN, EP –Vietnam War: The Battles of Coral (S Hi) and Balmoral (Đồng Tràm) – May 1968: The Vietnamese Communist Accounts – including three sketch maps

This 24,000-word/63-page Research Note (March 2018) examines and critiques the Vietnamese and Australian accounts of the major battles of Coral and Balmoral fought north of Saigon in May 1968. The Note includes both Vietnamese and Australian maps of the battle areas. Of particular interest are the three Vietnamese sketch maps of the Battle of Coral depicted at pages 11, 14, and 16 (repeated in a larger format in the attachments at pages 38, 41, and 43). Chamberlain notes that the Vietnamese communist accounts are – in parts, “hyperbolic”, propagandist and inaccurate. The work is free-to-read on the Internet at  : https://www.scribd.com/document/374639182

Department of Veterans’ Affairs – Australia and the Vietnam War

See https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/history/conflicts/australia-and-vietnam-war

FLEMING, Robert – A Jungle Too Far: Britain and the Vietnam War

National Army Museum (UK)

54mins 11 secs duration on UTube

Fleming, Curator at the National Army Museum, explores how a secret British involvement in the Vietnam War came about through covert operations, proxies and attachments to US, Australian, and New Zealand units. He specifically mentions some RAR battalions. Access this lecture at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soMNBdOajMA

FORWARD, Rex and REECE, Bob (Eds) – Conscription and Australia

University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD, 1968

A volume on the issue of conscription that was used to raise the manpower necessary for the Vietnam war commitment. Many RAR members were national servicemen. Available at https://www.textqueensland.com.au/item/book/a05b6446a180b4aa203766f221af883c . Also published as a book.

FRESHFIELD, R – The Vietnam War – An Australian Perspective

Self-published, 2017

Compiled from records and historical articles by R Freshfield. This publication provides a comprehensive coverage of the war, starting with the international scene during WW II, and then closes in to provide a detailed coverage of Australian operations involving all nine RAR battalions and other organisations in support or commanding. RAN and RAAF involvement is included. Located at http://www.vvfagranville.org/THE%20VIETNAM%20WAR.pdf

GREY, Jeffrey and DOYLE, Jeff – Australia and the Vietnam War: A Select Bibliography

Published in Vietnam Generation: Vol. 3: No. 2 , Article 11. 1991

A substantial bibliography of references on the war in Vietnam involving all RAR battalions. See https://digitalcommons.lasalle.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1131&context=vietnamgeneration

Nominal Roll of Vietnam Veterans

Department of Veterans’ Affairs official record of all Australians who served in Vietnam. See http://www.vietnamroll.gov.au/

New Zealand’s Vietnam War

NZ government webstie which provides an entry to that nation’s perspectives. Includes references to the RAR units with whom the Kiwis served. See: http://www.vietnamwar.govt.nz/

RAR REGIMENTAL STANDING ORDERS – RAR Battalion Histories

Regimental HQ, Singleton, 1977

ISBN: Nil

Index.

Includes a nominal roll of COs and RSMs, Regimental Marches and Songs, and affiliated units. Records in an Annexure include an outline history of each battalion from its inception to the date of publication. These Standing Orders also show how regimental matters are documented at the time of their access, being an online product currently inside the Defence Restricted Network. Subject to periodic upgrade by a specific Action Officer who is able to be contacted through the Regimental Adjutant (Adjutant, School of Infantry, Singleton, NSW).

  

ROSS, Brian – The Australian Order of Battle in the Vietnam War

Lists the RAN, Army and RAAF units to deploy, and when. Includes all RAR deployments. See

http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/vietnam/all-units-svn.htm

TATE, Don – Movie Images of Private Don Tate in the 4th Battalion, Vietnam War

Posted to UTube 2006

Don Tate served in 4 RAR in Vietnam between January and May 1969. He served in a variety of capacities- rifleman, ‘number 2’ on the M60 machine-gun, scout, and as the platoon’s interpreter. These images, recording his service with 4 RAR, were taken on his movie camera by fellow platoon members. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rIqhRSKZ3qs

TATE, Don – The films

YouTube footage, colour.

Posted 2012

Originally 8mm footage taken by Don Tate in Vietnam. Advertised as having had a profound effect on some veterans- allowing many men to recognise aspects of their own service and start opening up about it. Located at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-8uhDJSYSE

The Battle of Binh Ba: 6-7 Jun, 1969

 Australian Army

A general overview of this battle which included 5 RAR is at https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/history-focus/battle-binh-ba-6-7-june-1969

The Battle of Long Tan

Australian Army

A general overview of this battle involving 6 RAR is at https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/history-focus/battle-long-tan

The Casualty List

Created and managed by Bob Coker, this is a list of Australian casualties in Vietnam. As such, the data are regularly being updated.

See http://www.thecasualtylist.com/

The Vietnam War

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

DVA overview of the Vietnam war with multiple layers of information. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/vietnam-war-1962-1975/vietnam-war

Tunnel Rats Vietnam – Holdfast

Holdfast, being the Engineers’ callsign, is the name given to a series of on-line newsletters in which there are frequent references to RAR units and individuals during the Vietnam War. See http://tunnelrats.com.au/newnewsletters.php

Vietnam 1962 – 1975

Australian War Memorial, Canberra

Online

Official AWM entry for the Vietnam War. Provides links to numerous other sources relevant to the RAR researcher. Includes links to DVA records, and also an honour roll of the Missing in Action (all six have now been recovered) and another for those Killed in Action. See  https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/event/vietnam

VIETNAM Casualties – Final Resting Place

Source of information on location of Vietnam dead. See http//:www.australianartilleryassociation.com-vvmcsc-documents-vietnam_memorial_roll.doc.url.

VIETNAM VETERANS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA INC

Home page at http://www.vvaa.org.au/ enables the researcher to access a wide range of information including national and branch publications and other important material to the RAR and members.

VIETNAM VETERANS’ PARADE SYDNEY 1987

ABC 46.39 mins duration coverage of the Welcome home parade held in Sydney 1987. YouTube at

PEACEKEEPING & PEACEMAKING OPERATIONS

(Other United Nations deployments such as  Rwanda 1994-95, Cambodia 1994-95, Papua New Guinea 1946 to 1975, East Timor 1999-2012, Bougainville 1994, The Solomon Islands 2000 -2008, all remaining deployments not covered by UN or above (eg Rhodesia, Somalia 1992-93, Uganda)

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Operation Morrisdance

In May 1987, a 1 RAR Coy Group deployed to off Fiji as the result of a coup in that nation. See https://www.1rar.org.au/fiji-morrisdance/

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Somalia

RAR summary of the battalion’s service in 1993 as part of a US-led international force in Somalia. See https://www.1rar.org.au/somalia/

 1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Timor 2000-2001

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s first deployment to Timor as part of UNTAET. See https://www.1rar.org.au/timor-2000-2001/

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Timor 2003

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s second deployment to Timor as part of the UNMISET Peace Keeping Force during which it was titled AUSBATT. See https://www.1rar.org.au/timor-2003/

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Timor 2006-2007

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s third deployment to Timor. See https://www.1rar.org.au/timor-2006-2007/

Anonymous – Somalia – Operation Iguana and Operation Solace

Unofficial history of the Australian and New Zealand Armed Services (probably NZ author)

An unofficial history with good images of the deployment, primarily based on 1 RAR Battalion Group ground forces, in late 1992 to Somalia. See http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/other/somalia.htm

Australia and the United Nations (PPO)

Wikipedia

A useful start point to see, according to the collective wisdom of this source, the very big range of UN missions in which Australians have taken part. These include war fighting deployments, such as Korea, and peacekeeping and peacemaking where definitions of the nature of involvement vary. Many have involved either RAR units, sub-units of individuals. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia_and_the_United_Nations

Australian military involvement in peacekeeping (PPO)

Wikipedia

A general site summarising Australian peacekeeping deployment, many involving RAR units and individuals. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_military_involvement_in_peacekeeping

Australia’s peacekeeping missions since 1947 (PPO)

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

A general site outlining DVA’s version of peacekeeping deployments.  Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/wars-and-missions/peacekeeping

Australian Army – Manual of Land Warfare II, Infantry Training, Vol 1 Pam 2: The Rifle Platoon, 1986

 This 1986 edition of this pamphlet is the fundamental source of tactics and other matters connected with the fundamental building block of the RARs. Useful as a reference for how RAR platoons in theory operated at the time. See https://www.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-11/mlw_2-1-2_the_rifle_platoon_1986_full_obsolete_0.pdf

Australian War Memorial – Operation Solace

Provides an official overview of the deployment to Somalia of the 1 RAR Battalion Group and support troops and Force HQ. Embedded is a supplement nominal roll to the original Nominal Roll (which can also be accessed through this site). See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E84817

Australian War Memorial – Operation Solace Nominal roll correct at 2 Mar 93

Official nominal roll of 1 RAR Battalion Group deployed on Operation Solace as part of UNITAF. See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C2702940

Australian War Memorial – Somalia (UNOSOM/UNITAF) 1992-1995

AWM’s official summary of the deployment of an ADF group based on 1RAR Battalion Group as part of the UNITAF in Somalia. See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/U60684

Australian Peacekeeper and Peacemaker Veterans Association

APPVA

Homepage which enables branching out to a total range of Australian involvement in United Nations deployments since 1953. Under the tab ‘Magazines’, every publication is digitally available making this a most valuable start point for research into UN operations, most of which have included RAR units, sub-units or individuals. See  https://peacekeepers.asn.au/

Kibeho massacre

Wikipedia

Summary of the massacre in Rwanda involving troops for 2/4 RAR and other. Accessible at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kibeho_massacre

Australian War Memorial – Rwanda (UNAMIR), 1993-1996

An overview of the deployment of the Australian contingents to Rwanda, including company groups from 2 RAR and then 2/4 RAR (minus). See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/U60680/

Operation Tamar

Australian War Memorial

AWM general coverage of the deployment to Rwanda involving elements of 2 and 2/4 RAR 1994-95. See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E84819

Operation Tamar – Rwanda: History in focus

Department of Veterans’ Affairs

DVA’s general history of the deployment to Rwanda that including elements of 2 and 2/4 RAR. Accessible at https://anzacportal.dva.gov.au/resources/operation-tamar-rwanda-history-focus

RYAN, Allen – Primary responsibilities and risks: Australian Defence Force participation in the International Force East Timor (on line)

Land Warfare Studies Centre, Canberra, 2000

ISBN: 0642295417

Illustrated, maps, bibliography; 146 pages.

Study Paper No 304 covers the deployment of INTERFET on 20 Sep 99 as an important step in international peace enforcement. By the time prime operations were concluded in Feb 00, INTERFET was regarded as arguably the most successful example of a peace mission ever conducted on behalf of the UN. Also accessible at https://researchcentre.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/sp304_primary_responsibilities_and_primary_risks-alan_ryan.pdf

Rwanda deployment – FOI Documents 185_1314_ Documents

Department of Defence

Material obtained under FOI covering the intention to deploy a force including elements of 2 RAR to Rwanda. Accessible at https://www.defence.gov.au/FOI/Docs/Disclosures/185_1314_Documents.pdf

Rwanda genocide 25th year Anniversary

RSL Western Australia

A published blog by the wife of a deployed soldier LCPL Hopgood and his experiences during the deployment that involved 2/4 RAR.  Accessible at https://www.rslwa.org.au/rwanda-genocide-25th-year-anniversary/

Rwanda (UNAMIR), 1993-1996

Australian War Memorial

AWM’s general coverage of the Australia deployment to Rwanda that included 2 and 2/4 RAR. Accessible at  https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/U60680/

United Nations Protection Force, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia: UNPROFOR (1992-1995)

Australian War Memorial

AWM’s official record of the UNPROFOR deployment. UNPROFOR was established in February 1992 as an interim arrangement to create the conditions of peace and security required for the negotiation of an overall settlement of the Yugoslavian crisis. The role of the UN troops was to ensure that areas designated as “UN Protected Areas” (UNPA) became and remained demilitarized . RAR personnel, including its first commander BRIG JB Wilson, served with UNPROFOR. See https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/CN500140

 

IRAQ 2003-09 and 2014–ongoing

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Iraq

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s deployment of company groups to Iraq, known as SECDETs VIII (B Coy) and SECDET XI (A Coy). See https://www.1rar.org.au/iraq/

AFGHANISTAN 2006-ongoing

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Afghanistan

1 RAR summary of the battalion’s service in Afghanistan including company groups (Security Task Groups) in Reconstruction Task Force 2 in 2006-7, and the battalion as the core unit of Mentoring and Reconstruction Task Force 2 in 2009-10. See https://www.1rar.org.au/1-rar-campaigns/afghanistan/

ABC Four Corners – The enemy within

Reporters Quentin McDermott and Clay Hichens

Examination of the events leading to the murder of three Australian soldiers on 29 August 2012 in Afghanistan including RAR members. No longer viewable but the transcript is available at http://www.abc.net.au/4corners/the-enemy-within/5846588

Afghanistan Avenue of Honour

Created by the Youngaburra community North Queensland, this location commemorates Australians KIA in Afghanistan, including RAR members. See Honour Roll at http://www.avenueofhonour.com.au/honour-roll/

Australian Army – The Longest War: The Australian Army in Afghanistan

 Interactive site with 22 sections covering many aspects of the Australian experience in the War on Terror in Afghanistan. See

https://www.army.gov.au/sites/g/files/net1846/f/minisite/static/18411/The%20Longest%20War/index.html

Mentoring Task Force 1

Wikipedia.

Mounted out of 7th Brigade and based on 6 RAR, MTF 1 deployed in 2010-11 to Afghanistan. A general history with multiple internal links.

See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mentoring_Task_Force_One

Mentoring Task Force 2 (A Short history of the second Australian Mentoring Task Force)

5 RAR Association Website

Mounted from 27 units of the ADF and based on 5 RAR, MTF 2 deployed in 2012 to Afghanistan. A general history. See https://www.5rar.asn.au/articles/mtf-2-afghanistan.htm

Military history of Australia during the war in Afghanistan

Wikipedia

A general online history of Australian deployments in Afghanistan for 2002 to 2016. Updated periodically. Mentions RAR units who were deployed for most of this time. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Australia_during_the_War_in_Afghanistan

The Longest War: The Australian Army in Afghanistan

Australian Army, Army Learning Production Centre

Narrated by David Wenham, The Longest War is a documentary detailing the Australian Army’s experience in Afghanistan where all RAR battalions have deployed at least company groups. The product has been developed as a standalone, historical recount but can be used to enhance and supplement components of face-to-face training and/or broader professional development activities. For those with DRN access, see http://drnet.defence.gov.au/ARMY/ALPC . For a general overview see also https://www.army.gov.au/our-heritage/history/history-focus/australian-army-afghanistan

HUMANITARIAN/DEFENCE AID TO THE CIVIL COMMUNITY

(Civilian Humanitarian Disaster ops (incl Darwin 1975 and other cyclones and floods, overseas eg PNG, Indian Ocean, and lately, Border Operations, and DACC (non-disaster) eg Olympics and Commonwealth Games and other government support eg APEC, G20)

1 RAR – The First Battalion Association – Townsville floods 2012

 1 RAR operated in Defence Force Aid to the Civil community in 2012 during the floods of that year. See coverage at https://www.1rar.org.au/townsville/